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Diabetic Eye Disease Specialist

Elizabeth MacDonald, OD -  - Optometrist

Elizabeth MacDonald, OD

Optometrist & Ophthalmologist located in Maitland, FL

Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of new blindness among adults aged 20-74, and you’re more likely to have glaucoma and cataracts if you have diabetes. At Hunter Vision, caring optometrist Elizabeth MacDonald, OD, screens for diabetic eye disease and diagnoses these diseases early to prescribe the best treatments. Call the Maitland, Florida, office or schedule a consultation online today.

Diabetic Eye Disease Q & A

What eye problems does diabetes cause?

Diabetes can cause several problems within your eyes, including:

Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when continued high blood glucose harms the blood vessels in your eyes. This can cause swelling, blood vessel blockage, and abnormal blood vessel growth. If untreated, diabetic retinopathy can cause partial or total vision loss. 

Almost all type 1 and more than 60% of type 2 sufferers have diabetic retinopathy.


High blood glucose can cause cataracts, where your eye lens grows cloudy and blurs your eyesight. More than 32% of people with diabetes have cataracts.


Glaucoma can occur when diabetic retinopathy causes new blood vessel growth on your iris. This prevents normal fluid flow in your eye, and the backed-up fluid increases your eye pressure to cause glaucoma. This disease can cause blindness if untreated. 

People with diabetes are twice as likely to have glaucoma as those without it. 

Because these eye diseases can cause reduced vision or even irreversible vision loss, it's vital to schedule regular eye exams at Hunter Vision if you have diabetes. 

What are the signs of diabetic eye disease?

Diabetic eye disease doesn't always cause noticeable symptoms in its early stages, but as these diseases progress, you may have symptoms including:

  • Blurry vision
  • Wavy looking vision
  • Fluctuating vision
  • Colors look faded
  • Floaters - shapes, lines, or specks in your vision
  • Flashes of light

If you have any of these symptoms, book an eye exam immediately. Hunter Vision has state-of-the-art diagnostic testing equipment to identify diabetic eye disease in its initial stages before it leads to severe eye damage.

How is diabetic eye disease treated?

After performing an extensive eye health and vision check, the Hunter Vision specialists explain your diagnosis and recommend a specific treatment approach. These may include watchful waiting, prescription eye drops, oral prescription medication, lifestyle changes, diet changes, new eyewear, or surgery. 

Hunter Vision strongly supports preventive eye care, so your treatment plan always includes helpful strategies to protect your eye health. An important part of your preventive eye care is comprehensive eye exams at least once a year.

Hunter Vision can diagnose, treat, and prevent diabetic eye disease at all stages, so call the office or schedule an appointment online today.